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Lawn & Garden

Beneficial Insects and Plants That Attract Them (part two)

                                               

Trichogramma wasps lay their eggs in the eggs of moths (hungry caterpillars-to-be), killing them and turning them black.


                                                      



Plants that attract parasitic mini-wasps:

 

Achillea filipendulina Fern-leaf yarrow

 

Achillea millefolium Common yarrow

 

Allium tanguticum Lavender globe lily

 

Anethum graveolens Dill

 

Anthemis tinctoria Golden marguerite

 

Astrantia major Masterwort

 

Callirhoe involucrata Purple poppy mallow

 

Carum Carvi Caraway

 

Coriandrum sativum Coriander

 

Cosmos bipinnatus Cosmos white sensation

 

Daucus Carota Queen Anne's lace

 

Foeniculum vulgare Fennel

 

Limonium latifolium Statice

 

Linaria vulgaris Butter and eggs

 

Lobelia erinus Edging lobelia

 

Lobularia maritima Sweet alyssum - white

 

Melissa officinalis Lemon balm

 

Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal

 

Petroselinum crispum Parsley

 

Potentilla recta 'warrenii' Sulfur cinquefoil

 

Potentilla villosa Alpine cinquefoil

 

Sedum kamtschaticum Orange stonecrop

 

Tagetes tenuifolia Marigold - lemon gem

 

Tanacetum vulgare Tansy

 

Thymus serpylum coccineus Crimson thyme

 

Zinnia elegans Zinnia – liliput

 

 

Tachinid Flies

 

The Tachinid flies are parasites of caterpillars (corn earworm, imported cabbage worm, cabbage looper, cutworms, armyworms), stink bug, squash bug nymphs, beetle and fly larvae, some true bugs, and beetles. The adults are 1/3 to 1/2 inch long. Larvae are internal parasites, that feed on the body of the within host, sucking its body the fluids out until the pest dies. Its white eggs are deposited on foliage or on the body of the host. Below, the Tachinid Fly is approaching the larvae of an elm leaf beetle.



                                                              Image result for tachinid flies identification



Plants that attract Tachinid Flies:

 

Anthemis tinctoria Golden marguerite

 

Fagopyrum esculentum Buckwheat

 

Melissa officinalis Lemon balm

 

Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal


Phacelia tanacetifolia Phacelia

 

Tanacetum vulgare Tansy

 

Thymus serpyllum coccineus Crimson thyme

 

Petroselinum crispum Parsley

 

 

MINUTE PIRATE BUGS (Orius spp.)


                                                      



                          



Tiny (1/20 inch long) bugs that feed on almost any small insect or mite, including thrips, aphids, mites, scales, whiteflies and soft-bodied arthropods, but are particularly attracted to thrips in spring.

 

DAMSEL BUGS (Nabis spp.)


                                                       



Feed on aphids, leafhoppers, plant bugs, and even small caterpillars as adults and nymphs (teenagers). They are usually dull brown and resemble other plant bugs that are pests. Their heads are usually longer and narrower then most plant feeding species (the better to eat with).

 

 

BIG EYED BUGS (Geocoris spp.)


                                                      



Small (1/4 inch long), grayish-beige, oval shaped) bugs with large eyes that feed on many small insects (e.g., leaf hoppers, spider mites), insect eggs, and mites, as both nymphs and adults. Eggs are football shaped, whitish-gray with red spots.

 

Plants that attract minute pirate bugs, damsel bugs and big eyed bugs:


Carum Carvi Caraway

 

Cosmos bipinnatus Cosmos - white sensation

 

Foeniculum vulgare Fennel

 

Medicago sativa Alfalfa

 

Mentha spicata Spearmint

 

Solidago virgaurea Peter Pan goldenrod

 

Tagetes tenuifolia Marigold - lemon gem

 

 

A few tips to help you keep the beneficial insects happy and working in your yard:

 

1.    By using a wide variety of plants you will be able to keep your area. You will be able to keep your Good Bug Haven attractive and provide them with beneficial nectar and pollen to keep them strong and healthy when they get hungry.



2.    When planting your beds of beneficial bug plants, give them some room to breathe by placing them in at least 4 foot X 4 foot area.  This configuration helps to optimize the amount of Good Bugs that you can attract.

 

3.    Use as little bug spray as possible or just wash the bad ones off with a spray from your garden hose.  Be sure that you are using horticultural oils, insecticidal soaps so that you can minimize the collateral damage to the Good Bugs.

 

Being more involved with your garden on a regular basis will give you a step up with your battle against the harmful bugs in your yard.  Enjoy the fruits of your labor with the knowledge that you did it organically!

 

Be sure to share your pictures of the beneficial insects and plants that you have in your garden at:

 

community.homedepot.com

 

Rick_HD_OC


Related Articles:


Your Introduction to Becoming a Beekeeper


24 Flowering Plants That Attract Butterflies


Citrus Trees + Butterflies


Attract Monarch Butterflies With Milkweed Plants

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Posted 2016-04-15T21:58:38+0000  by Rick_HD_OC Rick_HD_OC
 
 

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