Sign In to join the community | Help
Lawn & Garden

Canary Island Date Palm, Phoenix canariensis


Common Name:  Date Palm, Pineapple tree

Type:  tropical tree

Family:  Arecaceae

Zone: 9 to 11     Find Your Zone

Height: 40 to 60 feet

Width: 20 to 40 feet

Bloom Color: white and yellow

Sun exposure: full sun to light shade

Soil: Well drained fertile

Leaves: Evergreen


This slow growing palm may only grow to 10 feet tall in 15 years. This Palm prefers a more fertile soil than some other palms. The flower stalks are about 3 foot long and orange. This palm produces male and female flowers on separate trees. The fruit produced by this tree is edible but does not taste very good.


Like most palms this palm has a 2 to 3 foot rootball and very soft bark that is often damaged in transport. When transplanting, check the trunk for damage, as there is a high loss rate associated to the transplanting of this tree. The removal of 2/3 of the leaves will help this tree survive being transplanted and lessen the chances of shock.


Sandy soils are commonly nutrient deficient, therefore fertilizer is needed often with the Canary Island Date Palm. Potassium deficiency is very common with this tree which leads to yellow translucent spots on older leaves. For this tree it is recommended that you use a palm fertilizer and an additional nutrient spray that includes iron, manganese, magnesium and sulfur to help prevent deficiencies.


STEP 1: Digging the hole

  • Find a location that has suitable sun exposure for your particular type of plant.
  • Dig your hole an inch or two shallower than the rootball of the plant.
  • Dig the hole twice the diameter of the rootball.
  • Scuff up the sides of the hole with a shovel to help roots break through the native soil.

STEP 2: Putting plant in hole

  • When removing the plant from the pot, check to see if the roots were circling the pot.
  • If the plant is rootbound, gently break up the roots with your hands until loosened up.
  • Set plant level, in the center of the hole.
  • Make sure the top of the rootball is just above soil level.

STEP 3: Amending the soil and filling in the hole

  • Amend the soil with proper amendments for your soil type. 
  • Incorporate 50% native soil with 50% amendment soils like garden soil, composted manure or soil conditioner.
  • Make sure dirt clods are broken up or removed from hole along with rocks.
  • Fill the hole with soils to the soil level and pack down. Do not cover top of rootball with dirt.
  • Water in thoroughly to remove air pockets.

STEP 4: Mulching and fertilizing

  • Cover the planting site with at least 2 inches of the mulch of your choice (pinestraw, cupress mulch,etc.)
  • High Phosphorus root stimulator fertilizers like Quick Start from Miracle Gro are great to use at time of planting.
  • When planting trees, a tree stake kit may be required to prevent the wind from blowing over or breaking our newly planted tree until it becomes established.

Find your closest local store

Other related plants:

Needle Palm

Windmill Palm

Pindo Palm

Dwarf Palmetto

Mexican Fan Palm

Queen Palm

Coconut Palm

Sago Palm

Areca Palm

Growing Banana Trees

Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question
Posted 2016-10-20T16:00:49+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL