Sign In to join the community | Help
Lawn & Garden

Norway spruce, Picea abies

Common Name: Norway spruce

Type: conifer

Family: Pinaceae

Zone: 2 to 8      Find Your Zone

Height: 40 to 60 feet

Width: 25 to 30 feet

Bloom Time: non-flowering

Sun exposure: Full sun to partial shade

Soil: well drained

Leaves: evergreen

Fertilizer: Vigoro Tree, Shrub and Evergreen or Miracle Gro Evergreen Tree Spikes

Deer resistant: Yes

As a kid growing up in Georgia (zone 8), we would buy a live, balled in burlap Norway spruce as our Christmas tree and plant it in the yard after Christmas was over. Over the years, the yard was riddled with all kinds of conifers that were our Christmas trees. There were Norway spruce, Blue spruce, Deodara Cedar, Canadian Hemlocks and even a very unhappy Frasier Fir. Growing up in a transition zone, you learn a lot about the behavioral needs of plants.


Norway Spruce seemed to hang in there well with the Canadian Hemlocks and the Deodara Cedar. This tree is considered to be a fairly fast grower and since it is cut out for cold weather, it would grow quicker up North. There are more than 200 different cultivars and in cooler climates, they can grow to be well over 100 feet tall.


STEP 1: Digging the hole

  • Find a location that has suitable sun exposure for your particular type of plant.
  • Dig your hole an inch or two shallower than the rootball of the plant.
  • Dig the hole twice the diameter of the rootball.
  • Scuff up the sides of the hole with a shovel to help roots break through the native soil.

STEP 2: Putting plant in hole

  • When removing the plant from the pot, check to see if the roots were circling the pot.
  • If the plant is rootbound, gently break up the roots with your hands until loosened up.
  • Set plant level, in the center of the hole.
  • Make sure the top of the rootball is just above soil level.

STEP 3: Amending the soil and filling in the hole

  • Amend the soil with proper amendments for your soil type. 
  • Incorporate 50% native soil with 50% amendment soils like garden soil, composted manure or soil conditioner.
  • Make sure dirt clods are broken up or removed from hole along with rocks.
  • Fill the hole with soils to the soil level and pack down. Do not cover top of rootball with dirt.
  • Water in thoroughly to remove air pockets.

STEP 4: Mulching and fertilizing

  • Cover the planting site with at least 2 inches of the mulch of your choice (pinestraw, cupress mulch,etc.)
  • High Phosphorus root stimulator fertilizers like Quick Start from Miracle Gro are great to use at time of planting.
  • When planting trees, a tree stake kit may be required to prevent the wind from blowing over or breaking our newly planted tree until it becomes established.

Find your closest local store

Related Articles:

15 Types of  Evergreens for Landscaping

Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question
Posted 2015-09-03T19:55:38+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL