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15 Types of Evergreens for Landscaping

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All plants serve a particular purpose in a landscape. Some provide different colors and some give different textures. Upright evergreen plants soften hard breaks in landscapes, helping with transitions. They also help add dimension to a yard, creating a backdrop to help the smaller plants stand out better.

 

It may simply be that they are used to block out that neighbor that just applied a new coat of pink paint to their house. Whatever they are being used for, this list will have the perfect plant for your application.

 

Canadian hemlock, Tsuja canadensis

 


This beautiful conifer was one of the first Christmas trees planted live in the yard of my childhood home in Atlanta Ga. They were planted under a canopy of pine trees and not given a single day of attention for the 18 years I lived there. These majestic trees were over 30 feet tall and just beautiful and healthy. As an adult, I planted these trees in my current home, on the woodline, under my oak trees, behind my azaleas. Here in Georgia, these beautiful trees grow native in the mountains.

 

These trees grow all throughout the rocky slopes of the Appalachian mountains, from the foothills of Georgia to Maine. Canadian Hemlock also develops tiny pine cones and is the state tree of Pennsylvania. No parts of this tree are poisonous but no part of it taste good either.

 

 

Norway spruce

 

As a kid growing up in Georgia (zone 8), we would buy a live, balled in burlap Norway spruce as our Christmas tree and plant it in the yard after Christmas was over. Over the years, the yard was riddled with all kinds of conifers that were our Christmas trees. There were Norway spruce, Blue spruce, Deodara Cedar, Canadian Hemlocks and even a very unhappy Frasier Fir. Growing up in a transition zone, you learn a lot about the behavioral needs of plants.

 

Norway Spruce seemed to hang in there well with the Canadian Hemlocks and the Deodara Cedar. This tree is considered to be a fairly fast grower and since it is cut out for cold weather, it would grow quicker up North. There are more than 200 different cultivars and in cooler climates, they can grow to be well over 100 feet tall.

 

Cedrus Deodara

This beautiful pyramid shaped evergreen has great drought resistance and has brilliant silver and green color. It is a relatively fast grower, making it ideal for a screen.  This trees brilliance makes it a great focal point in any landscape. Its toughness and ability to grow just about anywhere also makes it a must have for the yard. This tree also requires no maintenance once it is planted, other than watering. This tree made it onto the Top 10 Landscape trees list.

 

 Japanese Cryptomeria

This pyramidal evergreen is the national tree of Japan and is somewhat sacred. In cold winters it will display a beautiful goldish bronze color. This tree also has a reddish brown exfoliating bark. Like all conifers, it produces a cone that is spherical. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen.

This tree has a dwarf version called Cryptomeria japonica ‘Black Dragon’.

 

 Weeping Yaupon Holly

This tree, when planted in the right setting stands out with such brilliance. Its unique shape demands its own space to look right. Use as a free standing specimen. Weeping Yaupon always looks great in a rock garden. Yaupon also comes as a shrub and a non-weeping treeform.

 

Little Gem Magnolia

Little Gem is a much smaller, more manageable version of the Southern Magnolia. This tree is found in just about every office park in the south and makes a great evergreen screen to block out the neighbors. These brilliant trees produce beautiful, large flowers and are pretty resistant to most insects and diseases.

Other varieties like DD Blanchard, Hasse and Kay Parris are other good smaller varieties. If you are a little further North, then ‘Bracken’s Brown Beauty’, which can take zone 5B, would be a better option for you.

 

Sky Pencil Holly


Sky Pencil is a slim upright growing evergreen that is used in container plants, as a specimen or corner plant and is a great option for that small area. Can be planted as a narrow hedge as well. Sky Pencil produces a purple berry around September.

 

 

Leyland Cypress


Due to its very quick growth rate and its ability to create a big screen, Leyland cypress has become one of the most commonly used plants around. Leyland Cypress has proven to be tough as nails, with few problems. There is one disease that can seem to be problematic to the Leyland around times of drought but to this day, the Leyland Cypress still proves to be as tough as they come.

 

 

Green Giant Arborvitae




Green Giant Arborvitae would be a good alternative to the Leyland Cypress, seeing fewer potential problems down the road. This beautiful evergreen, although slower growing than the Leyland Cypress, still grows moderately fast. Green Giant is also used as a windbreak, hedge, specimen plant and container plant.


In a time where Leyland cypress have been overused like Bradford pears, the Green Giant  Arborvitae is a fresh alternative to the Leyland with less potential problems down the road. Leyland was only good for a screen but the tapered pyramid shape of Green Giant makes it a great specimen plant or screen. It holds a tight uniform shape, grows quickly, prefers full sun to partial shade and requires no pruning.This tree made it onto the Top 10 Landscape trees list.

 

Arizona Cypress


 

I planted 3 of these between the neighbor and I 14 years ago and they were getting a decent amount of shade from my maple tree and his sweetgum tree and they are now almost 20 feet tall and doing well. They also tolerate heat very well and have outstanding drought tolerance.

This tree starts out conical like the Leyland cypress but then broadens out more like a Christmas tree. This tree does better in Southern regions of the United States and makes a good windbreak and also good for erosion control.

 

 

Skyrocket Junipers

 

This plant is great at bringing symmetry to themed gardens and look best in pairs to create an introduction into a sitting area or in corners to soften hard edges or to simply create a focal point.

This plant is a good alternative to the Italian Cypress and a great alternative to the Bluepoint Juniper. Skyrocket is a great plant for narrow spaces and look best when following the odd numbers rule of landscaping. Like other Junipers, Skyrocket loves the full sun and has good tolerance to drought once established.

 

 

Foster Holly

Foster Holly makes a great corner plant for creating transitions and softening hard lines architecturally. This beautiful upright evergreen puts on a brilliant show of red berries in the winter and does not need a second plant to do it. This tree has a distinct look that can give your yard that landscaped look if that’s what you desire but it can also blend into a natural setting beautifully as well.

 

 

Savannah Holly 


 

This beautiful evergreen will grow a dense canopy in the sun and a sparser canopy as you give it more shade. This plant produces brilliant red berries in the fall and winter and shows great drought tolerance in the warmer months. Like all Holly plants Savannah prefers acidic soil.

Savannah holly will typically grow as a single stalk, pyramidal shrub unless pruned into a multi trunk specimen, where it will grow wider and in more of a weeping shape.

 

 

Colorado Blue Spruce


This tree has a beautiful blue color with stiff, tiered branches for holding snow. This tree grows well in colder climates and will struggle in the Deep South where there are hot summers. This tree is a slow grower that can grow over 60 feet tall. Blue Spruce makes a great specimen tree as well as a great screen or windbreak. Blue Spruce is the state tree of Colorado.

 

 

Emerald Arborvitae

This moderate grower, although slower and lower growing than the Leyland Cypress, Emerald Arborvitae makes a good screen that won’t shade an entire yard, preventing grass from growing like the Leyland will. It is also used as a windbreak, hedge, specimen plant and container plant. Green Giant Arborvitae is another good alternative.



Other related articles:


Types of Maple Trees


Types of magnolia trees


Why wont Grass Grow Under My Trees


How to Grow Plants Using the Color Spectrum of Light


12 great live Christmas trees for the landscape


Types of pine trees


25 plants and trees with great fall color


8 Water Loving Trees


Types of Oak Trees


Fastest Growing Trees




Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question
Posted 2015-09-10T18:49:58+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
 
Trees are very important for any landscape that makes your residents and commercial place beautiful and also resist and keep safe your home or corporate building from heavy rain fall, fast winds, dirts etc.
Trees are key factor of preserve water or raining and trees roots are responsible for that during heavy rain fall soil being not wash away.
Posted 2015-09-23T08:48:17+0000  by Prunin
 
Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question

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