Sign In to join the community | Help
Lawn & Garden

Growing Eggplant


Image result for eggplant home depot

Soil preparation for the garden has to start February 1st. If you do not plan ahead then your plants will be struggling while your soil is trying to play catch-up.

This fruit is loved by so many when breaded and fried as eggplant parmesan. This plant is one of the easier plants to grow and will become the prized plant of your garden. This warm season plant loves the warm weather and will produce within about 80 days from planting. This plant needs to be protected from late spring freezes with a frost blanket.

Space your plants 2 to 3 foot apart. Caging this plant can keep fruit out of the dirt and open up sunlight to the plant. Harvest your eggplants while the skin is dark and glossy. Do not wait until glossiness fades and fruit turns purple. White Eggplants need harvesting before they turn yellow. Fruit will store for 5 to 7 days when wrapped in a dry paper towel and stored in refrigerator in a vented plastic bag.

Keep moisture consistent as inconsistencies can cause Blossom End Rot. Large swings in temperatures (90 degrees days and 50 degree nights) will cause plants to drop flowers.
 
Fertilizer

Incorporating plenty of organic matter and compost into your garden is critical before planting your crops. Continuing to feed with slow release granular fertilizer works well for those people with limited time. This fertilizer will continue to feed for 3 months and it includes micronutrients that may have been depleted from gardens of years past. For those people with a little more time, water soluble fertilizers like Miracle Gro  will feed your plants every 2 weeks and will help produce large yields. For those Organic gardeners, fish fertilizer works great as well.


 

Vigoro 3.5 lb. Tomato and Vegetable Garden Plant Food Plus CalciumMiracle-Gro 1.5 lb. Tomato Plant FoodAlaska 1 Gal. 5-1-1 Fish Fertilizer


Blossom End Rot and Crop Rotation

 

Most vegetables like a soil with a pH around 6.2 to 6.8. Gardens that are too acidic can prevent plants from utilizing nutrients. Although there may be plenty of calcium in the soil, plants can not absorb it in acidic soil. Another scenario could be that you plant your eggplant in the same place each year in soil that has become depleted of calcium.


Because certain crops use certain nutrients in excess, rotating your crops is critical. Do not plant a crop in the same place for 3 years. Do a soil test when prepping your garden in February. Till lime into the garden to fix soil pH and avoid the calcium deficiency known as Blossom End Rot. Blossom End Rot is common in tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and melons.


If your plant gets Blossom End Rot then there are a few things that you can do to fight it off. First apply a fast acting lime to the soil. This will still take some time for it to adjust soil pH, therefore we will need to apply a faster acting calcium 3 times a week until the lime kicks in. If you have some regular Tums antacids then crush up 5 of them and add to 1 gallon of water and water into the plant for a quick temporary fix. There is also a calcium solution specifically for blossom end rot which is recommended 


Insects


Every plant has particular insects that are attracted to it. Eggplant is particularly prone to Cutworms, Aphids, Hornworms, and Flea Beetles. The Home Depot has the quickest and safest ways to treat your garden.


Prevention is the best way to keep your garden healthy. By avoiding insecticides and incorporating beneficial organisms and insects into the garden that naturally occur, you can feel safe and know exactly what you are eating.


The Home depot sells Beneficial nematodes that are parasitic to all those insects with larva or pupal stages in the ground as well as those that pupate and turn to adults above ground. These Nematodes are responsible for the killing of over 200 different insects.


Using organic insecticides is a great way to insure that what we are eating, stays safe to eat while not killing the bees that are critical to a healthy ecosystem. When spraying insecticides, spray in the later evenings, once the bees have left.


Related Articles:


Bugs and Insects of the Vegetable Garden


How to Grow Vegetable Library


Using annual ryegrass as a cover crop for your garden


Difference Between Hybrid, GMO and Heirloom Vegetables


Amending Different Soil Types


12 Vegetables to Plant this winter


Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors


What is Lime and Why is it Important


Pollination problems with cantaloupe, cucumber, pumpkin, squash and watermelon


Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question
Posted 2017-04-16T15:36:17+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
 
 

Topic
Categories+