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Lawn & Garden

Growing Peppers


 

Give your favorite peppers a nice sunny place to grow and you will find out how easy it is to grow peppers compared to many other vegetables. You can start your seedlings inside 8 to 10 weeks before your last spring frost date. Plant your peppers outside a couple weeks after your last frost.

 

You may be the kind of person who likes to bring the heat with Jalapeno, Anaheim or Dragon Cayenne peppers. Perhaps you are just looking for some flavor from the good old Green Bell Pepper for your spaghetti. Whether you are making a tongue torching salsa or fajitas, there are a few things to know when growing different types of peppers. Because different types of peppers produce at different times, it is good to plant a large variety of different peppers.



 


Where To Grow Peppers?


Peppers need to be planted in a well-drained soil, in the full sun. Since peppers grow upright, they can be planted 2 feet apart with good results. Like tomatoes, peppers like a fertile, pH neutral soil, somewhere around 6.2 to 7.5.




 

When Will Peppers Start Producing?


Sweet peppers will produce in 60 to 90 days from the day of transplanting your plant. Hot peppers can take up to 150 days. This is why we start planting our pepper seeds inside 8 to 10 weeks ahead of planting outside.The ideal growing temperature for peppers is between 68 and 85 degrees. You will see your plants starting to flower and fruit after about 6 weeks in the ground. Peppers are edible once they are green but waiting for them to change colors will give you a much better flavor and they will be much more nutritious. Your Home Depot stores carry a large selection of pepper seeds in stock as well as a large selection of pepper plants from Bonnies Plant Farm. Bell Peppers are simple plants to grow and a great plant to start out your first gardening endeavor with. 


 

When Do I Fertilize Them?


One week before planting in the ground, introduce compost into the planting site. You will also want to fertilize your pepper plants with a good slow release tomato vegetable fertilizer after the first sign of fruit. Be sure to keep weeds away from your plants, as they can rob your peppers of nutrients. Peppers are light feeders so you will not need to feed them for 3 months after applying this fertilizer.


Blossom End Rot and Crop Rotation

 

Most vegetables like a soil with a pH around 6.2 to 6.8. Gardens that are too acidic can prevent plants from utilizing nutrients. Although there may be plenty of calcium in the soil, plants can not absorb it in acidic soil. Another scenario could be that you plant your peppers in the same place each year in soil that has become depleted of calcium.


Because certain crops use certain nutrients in excess, rotating your crops is critical. Do not plant a crop in the same place for 3 years. Do a soil test when prepping your garden in February. Till lime into the garden to fix soil pH and avoid the calcium deficiency known as Blossom End Rot. Blossom End Rot is common in tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and melons.


If your plant gets Blossom End Rot then there are a few things that you can do to fight it off. First apply a fast acting lime to the soil. This will still take some time for it to adjust soil pH, therefore we will need to apply a faster acting calcium 3 times a week until the lime kicks in. If you have some regular Tums antacids then crush up 5 of them and add to 1 gallon of water and water into the plant for a quick temporary fix. There is also a calcium solution specifically for blossom end rot which is recommended 


Insects


Every plant has particular insects that are attracted to it. Peppers are particularly prone to Cutworms, Aphids, Hornworms, Armyworms, Whiteflies and Flea Beetles. The Home Depot has the quickest and safest ways to treat your garden.


Prevention is the best way to keep your garden healthy. By avoiding insecticides and incorporating beneficial organisms and insects into the garden that naturally occur, you can feel safe and know exactly what you are eating.


The Home depot sells Beneficial nematodes that are parasitic to all those insects with larva or pupal stages in the ground as well as those that pupate and turn to adults above ground. These Nematodes are responsible for the killing of over 200 different insects.


Using organic insecticides is a great way to insure that what we are eating, stays safe to eat while not killing the bees that are critical to a healthy ecosystem. When spraying insecticides, spray in the later evenings, once the bees have left.



Growing a garden can become a rewarding endeavor. Tell us about your experiences and share with us your expertise.


Other Related Articles:


Bugs and Insects of the Vegetable Garden


How to Grow Vegetable Library


Using annual ryegrass as a cover crop for your garden


Difference Between Hybrid, GMO and Heirloom Vegetables


Amending Different Soil Types


12 Vegetables to Plant this winter


Starting Plants From Seeds


What is Lime and Why is it Important


Pollination problems with cantaloupe, cucumber, pumpkin, squash and watermelon

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Posted 2016-02-07T22:24:33+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
 
 

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