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Lawn & Garden

How to Grow Almond Trees

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Growing almond trees are different than growing pecan trees. Almonds require a slightly warmer climate and grow best just south of pecans. Almonds originate from the Mediterranean area, in places like Spain, Turkey and Greece, all the way to the Arabian Desert. Almonds are loaded with vitamin B and protein.  Like a pecan, almonds are not actually nuts, but considered to be a drupe. A drupe is a fruit with a pit that is surrounded with a husk. Other drupes include peaches, coconuts, apricots and coffee. Almonds (Prunus dulcis) grow to be about 20 to 30 foot tall, therefore they are a fairly reasonable sized, compact tree.

 

Almond trees grow best between zones 7 and 9 and prefer a sandy, well-drained soil. They prefer a more neutral to slightly alkaline pH soil. This is why almonds do better in California’s sandy soil, and not so well in Georgia’s acidic, clay soil. In fact, a huge percentage of the world’s almonds come from California. It is their 3rd leading agricultural product and their number 1 agricultural export. Almonds need long dry summers but also require 300 to 500 chill hours in the winter. February is the ideal time for planting your almond tree.

 

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Almond trees have a tendency to bloom about 1 month earlier than other fruit trees, therefore blooms can become susceptible to early spring frost. They are also not self-fertile, therefore they require 2 or more varieties be planted together for cross-pollination. Like most fruit trees, there are some exceptions. There are some self-fertile cultivars but they are less desirable than those cross pollinated in the growing fields. Growers are actively breeding self-fertile cultivars to come up with that perfect self-fertile specimen. Almonds are ready for harvest around the beginning of September.


There are 2 different types of almond. There are bitter and sweet almonds. Sweet almonds are the almonds that we get at the store and eat. You will not find bitter almonds at the store because they produce prussic acid, also known as Hydrogen cyanide and are not grown in the United States.

 

Almond production can come as early as 3 years and can be in full production in 12 to 14 years.


Other related articles:


Which fruit trees are self pollinating and which require a cross pollinator?


Tips for Growing Pecan Trees in the South


How to Tap a Tree For Maple Syrup


Ingar’s Top 10 Trees for a Landscape in the South.

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Posted 2014-12-21T18:11:01+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
 
 

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