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Lawn & Garden

Quercus phellos, Willow oak


Common Name: Willow oak

Type: tree

Family: Fagaceae

Zone: 6A to 9B    Find Your Zone

Height: 100 feet


Foliage Color: yellow, red, brown and orange

Sun exposure: sun and shade

Soil: moist, clay, loam, sand

Leaves: deciduous

Fertilizer: Vigoro Tree, Shrub and Evergreen or Miracle Gro Evergreen Tree Spikes


No landscape is complete without a great shade tree and all landscapes need oak trees. The Willow oak is the oak of choice in urban areas because of its great shape and fast growth rate and ideal in a landscape setting. You can expect 2 feet of growth or more each year (fast for an oak). This trees abundant acorn production makes it a favorite for many different animals. Most often found in lowlands and along streams, Q. phellos can survive harsh urban settings as well. This tree is very resistant to insects and disease. Check out our 8 Water Loving Trees. This tree also made it onto the Top 10 Landscape trees list.



STEP 1: Digging the hole

  • Find a location that has suitable sun exposure for your particular type of plant.
  • Dig your hole an inch or two shallower than the rootball of the plant.
  • Dig the hole twice the diameter of the rootball.
  • Scuff up the sides of the hole with a shovel to help roots break through the native soil.

STEP 2: Putting plant in hole

  • When removing the plant from the pot, check to see if the roots were circling the pot.
  • If the plant is rootbound, gently break up the roots with your hands until loosened up.
  • Set plant level, in the center of the hole.
  • Make sure the top of the rootball is just above soil level.

STEP 3: Amending the soil and filling in the hole

  • Amend the soil with proper amendments for your soil type. 
  • Incorporate 50% native soil with 50% amendment soils like garden soil, composted manure or soil conditioner.
  • Make sure dirt clods are broken up or removed from hole along with rocks.
  • Fill the hole with soils to the soil level and pack down. Do not cover top of rootball with dirt.
  • Water in thoroughly to remove air pockets.

STEP 4: Mulching and fertilizing

  • Cover the planting site with at least 2 inches of the mulch of your choice (pinestraw, cupress mulch,etc.)
  • High Phosphorus root stimulator fertilizers like Quick Start from Miracle Gro are great to use at time of planting.
  • When planting trees, a tree stake kit may be required to prevent the wind from blowing over or breaking our newly planted tree until it becomes established.

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Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question
Posted 2015-05-07T18:38:29+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
Helpful info!
Posted 2015-05-09T09:06:51+0000  by Cree
Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question