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Lawn & Garden

Types of Maple Trees

Fall is upon us and nothing screams fall in Georgia more than driving north into the mountains to see the changing of the Maple leaves and going to Burt’s pumpkin patch to find that perfect pumpkin. It would be great to enjoy the changing of the leaves in your own yard without doing all the driving.

 

With so many types of maples out there, it’s tough to decide which one would be perfect for your landscape. They come in all different sizes and shapes, so no matter what the application, there is a maple for every place in your landscape.

 

Are you looking for something small for the front of the house? Perhaps it’s the slow growing Laceleaf Japanese Maple you seek! Do you need to throw up a fast growing windscreen or privacy screen? Maybe an Autumn Blaze Maple would be more suitable.

 

Let’s look at some different types of Maples and find the perfect one for you.


Paperbark Maple


This trees brilliant copper to cinnamon brown colored exfoliating bark and beautiful red-orange fall foliage puts this tree in everyone’s must have list. Only about 5 % of the seeds from this tree are viable for planting. This tree does not tolerate drought well and goes well by a seating area or a water feature. Only growing 6 to 12 inches a year, puts this tree in the slow grower category.


Red Maple


This is a great shade tree and one of the bigger ones on the list, getting up to 75 feet tall. It is great at producing shade and has amazing fall colors. Varieties like Autumn Blaze or October Glory are guaranteed to put on quite a show. This tree is a quick grower and does not get the dead wood in it like the silver maple does. This tree made it onto the Top 10 Landscape trees list. Silver maple, Red maple, Black maple and Sugar maples can all be tapped for maple syrup as well.


Silver Maple

Silver maples are named for the silver color on the back of their deeply lobed leaves. This is one of the fastest growing maple trees but one of the least popular of the maples for a couple reasons. Silver maples, at a young age, get dead branches in it that can litter the landscape. Silver maples can deal with flooding and sitting in flood waters for extended periods of time, therefore being a good candidate for lowlands or flood plains.

 

Maple trees are known for their brilliant fall color. The silver maple is no exception. The foliage of a silver maple will turn a brilliant yellow or orange color. Since all maple trees are known for their brilliant colors, they will even cross breed trees like silver maples with red maples to come up with new trees with different brilliant colors like the Autumn Blaze Maple. Silver maple, Red maple, Black maple and Sugar maples can all be tapped for maple syrup as well.


Sugar Maple


This tree is renowned for its production of maple syrup and its brilliant fall color. This tree is a great road tree as long as there is no road salt in the area. This tree has a massive canopy, therefore it is recommended that you don’t put it right in front of the house. This trees ability to tolerate heavy shade also gives you plenty of options for placement. This tree is certainly not the fastest grower of the maple trees. 


Our neighbors up north, Canada, have use the maple leaf as the symbol of Canada. In 1965, the Canadian Prime Minister, put the maple leaf on their flag.The Maple leaf has been on Canadian coins since 1876 and because Canada is covered in sugar maples, they are the world leader in maple syrup production.


Black Maple



Being a sub-species of sugar maple, this tree is renowned for its production of maple syrup and its brilliant fall color. This tree is typically found on slopes and ravines or along streams and dense woods. This tree has a massive canopy, therefore it is recommended that you don’t put it right in front of the house. This tree has darker bark and leaves than the sugar maple and 3 lobes on the leaf rather than sugar maples 5 lobes . This tree is certainly not as quick of a grower as the Red Maple but makes up for it with its fall color which creates some towns economies with their "tree gazing" in the fall.


Trident Maple


This beautiful 3 lobed leaf tree grows much like a Japanese maple in shape. Because of its slow growth, it is highly under appreciated. These trees exfoliating bark (on mature trees) and brilliant fall color are just 2 of the things that make this tree so great. It is very adaptable to different soil types and popular as a bonsai plant. Its flowers are rather nondescript.


Amur Maple


This tree is very adaptable and can tolerate harsh climates well. This tree grows similar in size to a Japanese maple and is known for its brilliant red and orange colors in the fall. It has heavy serrated leaves and 3 lobes when mature. Its flowers are showier than many other maples and it produces abundant seed heads (sumaras). This tree makes a great specimen tree or a good street tree. It will be found on many invasive species lists, due to its profuse dispersal of its winged sumaras.


Laceleaf Japanese Maple


With so many color and texture options available with these trees, the possibilities are endless. Japanese maples are known for their beautiful colors and textures. They are a slow to moderate growing, medium sized deciduous tree that will become the primary focal point in any landscape. The lace leaf Japanese maple (dissectum etropurpureum) is also a brilliant, lower growing option, for smaller spaces. Lace leaf is a much slower grower. Some of the more popular cultivars include Inaba shidare and Crimson Queen.


Japanese Maple


With so many color and texture options available with these trees, the possibilities are endless. Japanese maples are known for their beautiful colors and textures. They are a slow to moderate growing, medium sized deciduous tree that will become the primary focal point in any landscape. Some of the more popular cultivars include: Shaina, Beni shichihenge, Suminagashi, Oshi Beni, Coonara Pygmy and Emperor I.


The lace leaf Japanese maple (dissectum atropurpureum) is also a brilliant, lower growing option, for smaller spaces. Lace leaf is a much slower grower. This tree made it onto the Top 10 Landscape trees list. Here is another list of Different Types of Japanese Maples.


Autumn Blaze Maple


This tree has the best of both worlds, as it is a cross between the sturdy, attractive red maple and the adaptable, fast growing silver maple. This tree is a very fast growing tree that has great disease resistance and brilliant fall color. This tree is held in high regard in commercial complexes for not littering parking lots with winged seed heads. This cross breeding occurs in a controlled environment at the nursery but also in the wild, when silver maples pollen fertilizes a red maple.


Norway Maple


Norway maple is known as the street tree that was used in place of the American elm tree after Dutch elm disease wiped them out. Looking similar to a Sugar maple, Norway maple has a similar darker green leaf and similar growth habits. Norway’s yellow fall foliage is not as brilliant as the Oranges of that of the Sugar maple. This tree is best distinguished from a sugar maple because of the white milky substance excreted when leaves are broken off from stem of the Norway.

 

This trees ability to choke out and shade native species with its dense canopy have put this tree on many invasive species lists. Its ability to reseed in that shade successfully is another reason for concern, as it can take over a forest, diminishing plant diversity. Seed heads are flat, double winged sumaras. Red Maple and Sugar Maples would be a good, non-invasive substitute for this tree.



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Different Types of Japanese Maples


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Posted 2015-10-08T19:28:49+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
 
 

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