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Lawn & Garden

Zelkova serrata, Japanese zelkova


Common Name:  Japanese zelkova

Type: tree

Family: Ulmaceae

Zone: 5 to 8      Find Your Zone

Height: 50 to 80 feet

Width: 50 to 80 feet

Sun exposure: sun to partial shade

Fall Color: brown and red

Soil: well drained

Leaves: deciduous

Fertilizer: Vigoro Tree, Shrub and Evergreen or Miracle Gro Evergreen Tree Spikes


This tree was adopted to replace the American elm because of its resistance to Dutch elm disease. This vase shaped tree makes a great specimen tree but is also considered a street tree because its ability to do well in unfavorable urban settings. This tree has a beautiful texture with its heavily serrated leaves. This tree made it onto the Top 10 Landscape trees list.


STEP 1: Digging the hole

  • Find a location that has suitable sun exposure for your particular type of plant.
  • Dig your hole an inch or two shallower than the rootball of the plant.
  • Dig the hole twice the diameter of the rootball.
  • Scuff up the sides of the hole with a shovel to help roots break through the native soil.

STEP 2: Putting plant in hole

  • When removing the plant from the pot, check to see if the roots were circling the pot.
  • If the plant is rootbound, gently break up the roots with your hands until loosened up.
  • Set plant level, in the center of the hole.
  • Make sure the top of the rootball is just above soil level.

STEP 3: Amending the soil and filling in the hole

  • Amend the soil with proper amendments for your soil type. 
  • Incorporate 50% native soil with 50% amendment soils like garden soil, composted manure or soil conditioner.
  • Make sure dirt clods are broken up or removed from hole along with rocks.
  • Fill the hole with soils to the soil level and pack down. Do not cover top of rootball with dirt.
  • Water in thoroughly to remove air pockets.

STEP 4: Mulching and fertilizing

  • Cover the planting site with at least 2 inches of the mulch of your choice (pinestraw, cupress mulch,etc.)
  • High Phosphorus root stimulator fertilizers like Quick Start from Miracle Gro are great to use at time of planting.
  • When planting trees, a tree stake kit may be required to prevent the wind from blowing over or breaking our newly planted tree until it becomes established.

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Posted 2015-05-07T19:35:56+0000  by Ingar_HD_ATL Ingar_HD_ATL
Good info!
Posted 2015-05-09T09:05:20+0000  by Cree
Not what you were looking for ? Try posting a question